The Different Employment Status Today In UK

A long time ago, when someone asks for the employment status of the person, we often heard only three status; employee, worker, and self-employed. Due to the divergence of works and services needed and available today, there were already few of the employment status that had been added to the list such as the following:


One can often hear them working in a non-profit organization or charity institutions. And since they just volunteer to give services, they do not get any pay for it, but it does not mean that they could not eat or enjoy whatever the token appreciation of the charity institution for him such as a meal or instant shelter. The volunteer need not much requirement or qualification to render services.

Agency Worker

The employment in this type is from the agency. It is the agency that will provide workers for the company for a short span of time or on a temporary employment basis, and it is the agency of the worker who got the responsibility of the welfare of the worker and not the employer.

Project-Based or Fixed Term worker

There is also certain job classification in the United Kingdom tax systemthat does not need a permanent worker, and they can be a project-based worker. For instance, the employer will get to hire someone to fix the water pipes. After the job had been done, then that ends the employment status of the person to that employer. Certainly, one can get much employment status at the same time depending on the nature of the work need to be done.

Apprentices and On-the-job-trainings

This is an employment status that can garner recognition at the national level. You will hear this type of work status on students working in some high companies and enjoy an allowance for credit and even minimum wage from the employer after the specific years or when the program is done.

Substitute worker—-Substitute working agrees to work in the absence of the real hired employee or workers in the company. The substitute will do the work of that person and will report to the employer of the absent worker. After periods of time, it will return, and the substitute worker can relieve the post.

Intern—It is customary worldwide that student must undergo internship services for the company to get their diploma or pass the course. Whether they got an allowance or not, the most important for the students is to get the required numbers of hours so that they could pass the subject in school or university.

The benefits and rights that the person can get from the company, employer or to its client will depend on the status of his employment. Among these employment statuses in the United Kingdom, the employee got more benefits and rights. The benefits and rights of an employee status include pay slip, bonus, holiday leave, minimum wage and they rarely feel the discrimination of society. Therefore, they are regarded highly by their employer and clients. And even though one wanted to do the job but is not eligible and does not qualified for the work could not be employed.

The Corporate Tax in the Economist Eye

Building a company of your own requires you to learn about different types and kinds of tax, including ir35 tax. What does it means and what could be its possible functions? Thus, knowing the basics about corporate tax is essential especially when you’re planning to organize, build or establish your own company. Now, here are the facts you need to be acquainted with in regards to dealing your taxes, corporate tax in particular.

The profits you gained or your corporate profit are taxed twice. How? When you gain a profit, then it is deducted from corporate tax, and when you distribute dividends, then it is again deducted from corporate tax.

Economists do not like a corporate tax. And the reason–other than the double taxation that was mentioned above, corporate tax is a tax on productive investments, and most economists think that productive investments are what we needed and should be given much attention as well. However, there are corporations which are more mobile and active than an individual that when implemented and required by such, they immediately get away with it and even move their production areas elsewhere.

Corporations can’t have their cake and eat it, too. Well, this might be true. But there are many big companies and corporations which are swimming and enjoying untaxed cash. This happens legally because multinational companies may only owe from U.S., but their operations abroad and other more operations across the country, and other foreign earnings gain serious incentives even. For that, corporations can have seriously large amounts of cash offshore. Thanks to the tax laws and how incompetent they function, letting big fishes escape the net legally.

With other more things relating to corporate taxes and the list of things you need to know about it, the bottom line is, the corporation is not taxed the way other types of businesses being a tax with. It is the only type of business which has its own separate identity and legal entity to function and used to its advantage. To pay it, a corporation must file a corporate form and pay corporate income tax on any profits it gained. The scheme of taxation applies only to corporations called C Corporation. Another benefit when it came to taxation when you chose to have corporations as your style of business is that the company has the right to deduct all the expenses and other costs of benefits of employees. We always suggest that if you are unsure, then to use our IR35 calculator to see if you are liable.

In selecting which type of business you are planning to put up, you have to determine first what type of businesses you think you are capable of handling and managing. Know yourself first and identify which type you think you can handle. Do a feasibility study and business plan well before jumping out with the chance of putting up a business or a corporation in particular? Also, learning and researching more about it and we’re talking not just the basic here but going and knowing much more beyond it is a must. Be sure of every step you are going to make, assess every move you are anticipating to make. Hire people to help you and efficiently assist you in going through the process of building up your dream business. Not just good individuals but the ones who are considered to as best in their chosen fields.

The Scope of Employment Tax

As an employer, you are expected to know much about employees tax and the different kinds and types of it. It is as well a friendly reminder to all employers out there that it is an obligation they are entitled to provide and paid to their respective employees when due.

The Federal Income Tax

All employers are required to withhold such tax from their employees who are determined by the W-4 form which every newly hired employee is required to sign and fill the form upon the hiring process.

The Social Security and Medicare

All employees are as well required to deduct such tax from their employees’ salaries and wages. The social security deduction is 6.2 percent while the Medicare is 1.45 percent to the gross pay. Both amounts must be matched by the employers’ contributions.

The Worker’s Compensations and Benefits

Employers must never overlook this area of responsibility. This is where the funds for sick and ill employees are being got when unfortunate accidents or inevitable instances occur during the work or within the workplace of such employees.

The Federal and State Unemployment Tax

Such tax is as well required for the employers and employees set up. The employers pay for employees who are damaged by unemployment or who lose their jobs in the process of layoffs and such actions done by the company to take actions for unfortunate events which may come through in the process. There are instances when such situations happen, and we could never blame anyone when such things are inevitable and cannot be avoided from happening. When things happen, all we are left to do is to accept it, face it and take immediate and appropriate actions for it.

Thus, before setting up your payroll system and hiring an employee for the job you’ve been thinking that needs to fill up, you first need to think and learn about the employment tax. The importance of this in the employer and employee and how it functions and work for you. There are different types of it which can be very daunting for you to understand and comprehend especially when you are still a beginner in the field and not very particular and yet to familiarize the terms and how much works. Sometimes, this can be scary to some who do not have prior knowledge of business and taxes. This is understandable; however, please do not let this overwhelm your desire to put up your own dream business.

Remember never to be afraid nor get intimidated by the fact that you don’t have enough knowledge nor a solid background about it. As long as you’re persistent and patient enough in learning these things, then that is all that it takes. Learn the necessaries needed especially on employment taxes. It is essential because your employees play an essential role in making your business successful. They are considered to be an asset to your business, and when talking about assets, it needs to be protected, well taken care of and given exceptional attention and focus.

Setting Up A Limited Company: Is It A Right Choice?

If you’re on the stage where you are thinking about setting up your own company, then it must be safe to assume that you already had stumble with ‘limited company.’ Some may even consider choosing to have a limited company as a type of business structure. But, is it really what you want to happen? Before really setting things up, have you done a careful research about it and what does it mean when you form a limited company?

Many business owners come to jump with the opportunity of forming a limited company without even knowing what it means at all. Without a proper understanding of it and without enough knowledge as to where and what they’re going to go through. And it can be a very dangerous move, if not fatal.

Know that in setting up a limited company it also means that you have a separate identity. The company’s money can never be considered as your money. It is because the company has a separate legal entity and it has its own money. It has the right to borrow money using its very own name. Since you’re the owner, yes, it could be considered that you indirectly own the money it possesses and has control over it, but when withdrawing funds from it, careful considerations must be taken. When withdrawing funds, it could be for salary payments, dividends for shareholders, or a loan.

When it comes to tax, there is a thing called ‘corporate tax’ which is charged on the taxable profit of the company. Having yourself paid with such high salary from your company won’t be a wise move, and we won’t advise you to do such. Other than your tax which you will be obligated to fill, you will be as well liable for your employees’ insurance and salary which is the deductible expense of your corporate tax.

For the share’s, as an owner, of course, you own a share of the company. But speaking of shares, there are as well two types of it—the ordinary shares and preferred shares. Ordinary shares which are the most common type, have the same control over the company and the right for profits but they are the last in line to be paid and get their money back when something goes wrong, and the company has left no other choice but to file for bankruptcy. On the other hand, the preferred shares could be a fifty percent ordinary shares and fifty percent loan for the company. Thus, unlike with ordinary shareholders, preferred shareholders are given extraordinary preferences when the company fails.

For the responsibilities, as a director of a company, you are entitled to only act within your powers, and not go beyond it. Act with the best interest of the company, and to avoid conflict of interest among the board of directors, not make any secret profit for personal gains and deceive the board, but practice a high level of integrity and honesty when complying and doing your duties and responsibilities to the shareholders, to the stakeholders and even to the general public.

A Brief history and Overview of IR35

IR35 is a tax system in the United Kingdom that seeks to target to curb tax avoidance by people who offer services to clients through an intermediate party. This applies to situations where said parties would be employees if the intermediary did not exist. According to her Majesty’s Revenue and Customs, such people are disguised employees. If detected practicing this activity, the worker would have to pay regular tax as if they were employed. The financial ramifications of this kind of offense are significant, as you could forfeit up to at least 25% of your income. The limited liability company also losses in the thousands of pounds in additional taxes. Below is a brief IR35 history and overview.

History of the IR35

This law was introduced in the year 1999 and came into use in 200 as a constituent of the finance act. The legal name for this piece of law is the intermediary legislation. The government felt that the problem of disguised employment was becoming too common and it was missing tax revenues. In the stated scenario, companies would engage workers on a self-employed basis, mostly through an intermediary, hence bypassing regular employment rules that require the use of a tax compliant employment contract. At the end, the employee would pay much less in terms of tax than they should have done legally. One of the most obvious cases of avoidance is the Monday to Friday phenomenon, where an employee works for a company and then goes home for the weekend, then goes back to the office in the same company on Monday but in a different capacity, say, consultant.

The contract involved

If the nature of your contract essentially gives you the same tax responsibilities and benefits as those of bona fide employees of your client, then you are said to be inside the IR135, meaning that you stand to lose if the tax authorities come knocking. If you do not enjoy the benefits other employees of the client do, then you are outside this code and therefore not liable to penalties under the tax policies of the UK. Your job becomes an entitlement as you have forfeited benefits and job security and therefore are entitled to some breaks.

Determining if your contract passes

You could potentially sign a contract that places you inside the IR35 without your knowledge. You have to learn to differentiate a contract that keeps you out from the one that puts you in the crosshairs, meaning that you might end up paying a lot more than the regular taxpayer pays in your capacity. You can save yourself before this happens by having an IR35 review carried out. Almost all problems related to this law can be successfully corrected. This should happen in time before you go over the nitty gritty of the contract and renegotiate with your client or the agent involved.

The IR35 tax law has caused a lot of confusion to employers and contractors alike because of its complexity. Contractors therefore need to seek expert opinions regarding any contracts that they may want to take up in the future. This brief IR35 history and overview gives you the start you need, or please go ahead and use our IR35 Calculator to assess if you are at risk.


IR35 is a Finance Act, which was established and came into act in the year 2000. The main reason why it was introduced was to ensure tax payment by businesses which may not be genuine on the nature of their businesses, that is, they have contractors as employees. Ideally employees in these businesses should pay Income Tax and National Insurance Contributions as required by HRMC after investigations are one to determine whether they pass or fail the IR35. It has not been received well because it affects small businesses and it would cost them. We would strongly suggest that all people concerned with these tax regualations that they should use our IR35 Calculator to assess if they fall within the guidelines.

For people operating on their own accounts in business, here is a guideline on how to know whether IR35 applies or does not apply to you as a contractor;

  • – If the client controls how the contractor performs tasks assigned, then it may not pass the IR35. This means that, in a case where it is the client who comes up with the days the contactor works, the duration from starting time to ending time every day, and also has some statement defining that contract, the IR35 will be applicable.
  • – When a contractor is dealing with a client, there should be no any employment statement that should require the contractor to be the one always present for all the tasks. It is a business to business service, and therefore the contractor should be allowed to find a replacement anytime whenever necessary. Otherwise if there is clause that restricts such, it will mean that the IR35 is applicable because there is mutual obligation.
  • – If the contractor has to always take assignments from the contractor with no excuses, then that contract fails the IR 35 test. But if the contractor can even receive contracts from other clients and maybe work on them the same time provided delivery is done as required, it passes the IR35 test.
  • – When it comes to payment, it should be in a form of a service fee not like an employee’s salary which is fixed, guaranteed and so it would definitely fail the IR35 test. This is because when a contractor is in an agreement with a client, finances are determined at the end of the contract, depending on the quality of work done, the number of hours put in and the rate at which the tasks are carried.
  • – A contractor is required to use their own materials or tools during a contract. If there is a clause in the contract which stands for this, then it passes the IR35.
  • – A contractor has also to find out about the client and the kind of contract being issued by the client. Because there are cases where some contracts have been said to fail the IR35 but a client may bring it out after sometime under a different name. If taken, the contractors may find themselves in a trap and face the IR35.

Seeking advice before taking up contracts is very crucial to know whether you will be an employee or you are just a contractor to avoid suffering extra costs in your business. The nature of the relationship between the worker and the client will be used to determine whether the IR35 contract fails or passes the IR35.